Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA)
An FBA is about getting the "below the line" information!
A Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) is an individualized problem-solving process. FBA focuses on understanding the environmental variables impacting the behavior and results in a hypothesis statement regarding the suspected reasons for the behaviors. This process guides the development of a Behavior Support Plan targeting the hypothesized function of the behavior. Best practice and IDEA law require the use of ongoing data to monitor the behaviors and implementation of the BSP.
For more information on FBA, see the SpEd Handbook Section 6.
PPS supports a differentiated approach to FBA, such that the complexity of the assessment process is dependent on the ability to confirm the hypothesis statement. It may be adequate to use existing information to develop a Behavior Support Plan if existing information provides sufficient evidence supporting the hypothesis statement. However, if existing information provides conflicting evidence about the function of the targeted behavior, or if not enough information exists, more assessment strategies should be implemented until the hypothesis statement can be confirmed. Interventions addressing an accurate hypothesis statement are more likely to result in reduction of the behaviors of concern. See the Continuum of FBA Services document (on right) for more information about differentiating FBAs.
The School Psychologist in your building can help you navigate FBA/BSP supports in PPS.
Differentiated FBA Comparison Chart
Sp. Ed. Handbook, Section 6
FBA + BSP Template
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Review and Next Steps
Plan Manager Responsibilities
Function - Big Idea
An FBA is about knowing your student and the circumstances. Get the "below the line" information!